Name:______________________________________ Class:___________________  Date:______________

Chapter 12 Examination


Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false. 

_____ 1.  Some torts are crimes.

_____ 2.  To commit an intentional tort, a person need not act with a harmful motive. 

_____ 3.  A battery occurs only if the victim suffers actual physical harm.

_____ 4.  There are no statutes regulating the use of spam. 

Multiple Choice

Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

_____ 5.  Kate believes that George is about to hit her.  To prevent harmful contact in dangerous situations, a person may use

                a.  any force.

                b.  any force, except force that is likely to cause death.

                c.  whatever force is reasonably necessary.

                d.  no force. 

______ 6.  At a fast food restaurant, Todd believes that he is being overcharged and shoves Vickey, the clerk.  Vicky sues Todd, alleging that the shove was battery.  Todd is liable if

                a.  the shove was offensive.

                b.  Todd acted out of malice. 

                c.  Todd was not overcharged.

                d.  Vicky did not wait on Todd.

______ 7.  Todd files a suit against United Media Corporation for defamation.  Actual malice must be demonstrated for recovery of damages if Todd is

                a.  a corporate officer.

                b.  a non-citizen.

                c.  a private individual.

                d.  a public figure.

______ 8.  Joe is a used-car salesperson.  Joe commits fraud if, to make a sale, he

                a.  represents as a fact something he knows is untrue.

                b.  states an opinion concerning something about which he knows nothing.

                c.  uses puffery.

                d.  all of the above.

______ 9.  Excel Dry-Cleaning advertises so effectively that Next Day Cleaner's regular customers patronize Excel instead of Next Day.  Excel has committed

                a.  appropriation.

                b.  wrongful interference with a business relationship.

                c.  wrongful interference with a contractual relationship.

                d.  none of the above.

______ 10.  Wander enters the Xtreme Triathlon, an athletic competition.  Regarding the risk of injury, Wanda assumes those risks

                a.  greater than the risks normally associated with this event..

                b.  less than the risks normally associated with this event.

                c.  normally associated with this event.

                d.  all of the above.



1.  T

2.  T

3.  F

4.  F

5.  C

6.  A

7.  D

8.  A

9.  D

10.  C